57. How does the writer recommend finds to buyers? A. By introducing characteristics of items. C. By telling different stories of the items.
B. By offering detailed descriptions. D. By comparing items with others. B
Fun is hard to have. Fun is a rare jewel.
Somewhere along the line people got the modern idea that fun was there for the asking, that people deserved fun, that if we didn’t have a little fun every day, we would turn into puritans (清教徒).
“Was it fun?” became the question that overshadowed all other questions. When the pleasure got to be the main thing, the fun fetish (迷戀) was sure to follow. Everything was supposed to be fun. If it wasn’t fun, then we were going to make it fun, or else.
Think of all the things that got the reputation of being fun. Family outings were supposed to be fun. Education was supposed to be fun. Work was supposed to be fun. Walt Disney, church and staying fit were supposed to be fun.
Fun got to be such a big thing that everybody started to look for more and more thrilling ways to supply it. One way was to step up the level of danger so that you could be sure that, no matter what, you would manage to have a little fun.
Big occasions were supposed to be fun, such as Christmas, Thanksgiving and Easter. But we ended up going through every Big Event we ever celebrated, waiting for the fun to start. So I should tell you just in case you’re worried about your fun capacity while you are sitting around waiting for the fun to start, that not much is. I don’t mean to put a damper on things. I just mean we ought to treat fun reverently. It is a mystery. It cannot be caught like a virus. It cannot be trapped like an animal. When fun comes in on little dancing feet, we probably won’t be expecting it. In fact, I bet it comes when we’re doing our duty, our job.
I remember one day, long ago, on which I had an especially good time. Pam Davis and I, aged 12, walked into a store that morning to buy some candy. She got her Bit-O-Honey. I got my malted milk balls, chocolate stars. Then we started back to her house. It was a long way to Pam’s house but every time we got weary, Pam would put her hand over her eyes, scan the horizon like a sailor and say, “We ought to reach home by nightfall,” at which point the two of us would laugh until we thought we couldn’t stand it another minute. Then after we got calm, she’d say it again. You should have been there. It was the kind of day and friendship and occasion that made me deeply regretful that I had to grow up. It is fun.
58. What does the author mainly want to talk about in this passage? A. The definition of fun. C. The best way to find fun.
B. The importance of fun.
D. The common occasions to find fun. B. show great respect for fun
D. teach others how to have fun
59. When the author tells us to “treat fun reverently”, she is encouraging us to ________. A. look forward to having fun C. have fun less frequently
60. Who would benefit most from the article? A. Those who have great fun in big occasions. B. Those who prefer friendship to having fun. C. Those who are worried about not having fun. D. Those who regret having grown up.
An eclipse happens when one heavenly body such as a moon or planet passes into the shadow of another heavenly body. There are two types of eclipses on Earth: lunar eclipses and solar eclipses.
The moon orbits Earth and, at the same time, Earth orbits the sun. Sometimes Earth moves between the sun and the moon. When this happens, Earth blocks the light from the sun. This is an eclipse of the moon — a lunar eclipse. A lunar eclipse can occur only when the moon is full and can be seen from Earth at night. There are two types of lunar eclipses: total lunar eclipses and partial lunar eclipses.
A total lunar eclipse occurs when the moon and the sun are on exact opposite sides of Earth. The moon is in Earth’s shadow and the sunlight passes through Earth’s atmosphere, which causes Earth’s atmosphere to filter or block out most of the blue light. However, a partial lunar eclipse happens when only a part of the moon enters Earth’s shadow. What people see from Earth during a partial lunar eclipse depends on how the sun, Earth and moon are lined up.
A lunar eclipse usually lasts for a few hours. At least two partial lunar eclipses happen every year, but total lunar eclipses are rare. It is safe to look directly at a lunar eclipse although a pair of binoculars can certainly help the viewer appreciate the beauty of this phenomenon.
Sometimes when the moon orbits Earth, it moves between the sun and Earth. When this happens, the moon blocks the light of the sun from reaching Earth. This causes an eclipse of the sun, or solar eclipse. During a solar eclipse, the moon casts a shadow onto Earth.
There are three types of solar eclipses：total solar eclipses, partial solar eclipses and annular eclipses (日環食). During a solar eclipse, the moon casts two shadows on Earth. Solar eclipses happen once every 18 months. Unlike lunar eclipses, solar eclipses only last for a few minutes.
Scientists use solar eclipses as an opportunity to study the sun’s corona (日冕). The corona is the sun’s top layer. During an annular eclipse, NASA (the U.S. space agency) uses ground and space instruments to view the corona when the moon blocks the sun’s glare. The sudden blocking of the sun during an eclipse reduces the light and changes the temperature on the ground. This creates conditions that can affect local weather and animal behavior.
It’s important to never look directly at the sun — it can permanently damage your eyes! Solar radiation that occurs during an eclipse of the Sun can cause a form of burns of one’s eyes known as eclipse blindness. In fact, the only way to safely view a solar eclipse is by using specially-designed equipment. 61. What can we know about “a lunar eclipse”?
A. It may create conditions that can affect local weather and animal behavior. B. It can be seen when the moon and the sun are on exact opposite sides of Earth. C. It usually happens once every 18 months and only lasts for a few minutes each time. D. It happens when the moon blocks the light from the sun, which causes the moon to shine. 62. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “glare”? A. heat
63. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.
A. people will experience a temperature drop when lunar eclipses happen B. eclipses are the result of the shadow cast by the moon onto Earth
C. total lunar eclipses are more difficult to observe than other types of lunar eclipses D. there can be eclipses even if the three heavenly bodies are not exactly lined up 64. Why is it safer to watch a lunar eclipse than a solar eclipse? A. Because moonlight is not as strong as sunlight. B. Because a lunar eclipse lasts longer than a solar eclipse.
C. Because special equipment can be employed to view a lunar eclipse. D. Because a lunar eclipse has much more steady light than solar eclipse.
The eyeliner makes the dark circles less pronounced. The lipstick hides the trembling. The ponytail (馬尾辮) masks missing patches of hair. I might look a bit thinner, but everyone will ask about my new diet. One hour of preparation and I look like myself. One hour out of 24. Sometimes I wonder if it’s worth it – wasting a twenty-fourth of my day on a lie.
Checking my makeup one last time, I slip on a cute pair of flats – heels are too dangerous with shaky legs – and grab my Hollister bag. Walking downstairs, I breathe in the sweet smell of waffles and juice.
“Morning, Mom,” I call.
“Morning, baby,” she sings. “Did you sleep well?” “Better than I have been.”
She sighs, and her eyes look a hundred years old for a minute. “Any improvement is good,” she says half-heartedly. “Of course.” “I made waffles.”
“Thanks, Mom. Smells delicious.”
I sit at the table and she hands me a plate. The thought of all that food turns my stomach, but I force a smile and thank my mother again. She busies herself at the sink and fills the silence with chatter. When she turns around, she takes in the waffles still on my plate, only missing a few bites. I smile apologetically.
“I’m not very hungry this morning.”
“You’ll need your strength for this afternoon. Morrison will wait for you.” She bites her lip. “I packed your lunch.”
“I’m 18, Mom. I can pack my own lunch. You have more important things to do.”
She reaches for the paper bag. “But now I know you’ll have something to eat. And you need to eat, okay? You have to keep your strength up.”
Sighing, I take the bag. I know this peanut butter and jelly sandwich won’t be eaten, not any more than the one yesterday or the day before. And even if I do eat it, I’ll just throw it up later.
“Honey, have you thought about what I said the other day?” she asks. I remain silent.
“Sweetheart, you can’t hide the secret forever. Eventually you’re going to miss school and people will start asking questions.”
“Mom, I have two months left of high school. I can make it till then. I’m class president. I was voted ‘Most popular’, ‘Best smile’ and ‘Most likely to succeed’. I’m the girl who’s got it all together. People don’t want to know that the girl who’s got it all together doesn’t have it all together. People don’t want to know that girl is to be parted!”
“Honey, don’t say that. You’re not ….”
“Yes, I am. You heard Dr. Morrison. I have maybe a year left. But that means I can graduate and then never see those people again. I’ll depart and they’ll feel sorry for me, but at least I won’t have to tolerate their pity.”
“But …” she tries to interrupt.
“Mom, listen to me. I don’t want to be the girl everyone looks at and whispers, ‘Look at her. Poor thing. She has cancer.’ I can’t handle that. I want to be normal. Just for these last two months.”
“Okay,” she whispers. “Okay. Just remember, it’s okay if you don’t have it all together. Sometimes things
just fall apart and there’s nothing we can do.”
“Thanks, Mom.” I grab my bag and lunch and kiss her on the cheek. “ ① ”
“ ② ” she replies. This exchange, once taken for granted, is now a vital part of every morning, every afternoon, and every night. Three little words, followed by four more, have come to mean more than an entire conversation. They bridge all gaps and disagreements, because we both know there is now a restricted number left.
Keys in hand, I open the door and blink (眨眼) in the early morning sun. Perfect. 65. The underlined word “half-heartedly” implies ________. A. the mom is worried about her daughter’s mood B. the mom believes her daughter slept well last night C. the mom is too busy doing her housework at that time
D. the mom knows there is no improvement in her daughter’s health 66. Why doesn’t the girl want to eat the food Mom packs for her lunch? A. Because she doesn’t like the smell of the food. B. Because she is on a diet to lose some weight. C. Because she’s tired of the same food every day. D. Because eating the food makes her sick. 67. What is the main reason the girl keeps her secret? A. She doesn’t want to die so soon. B. She doesn’t want her mom to be sad. C. She doesn’t want people to have pity on her. D. She doesn’t want to lose her popularity at school. 68. Which of the following words can best describe the girl? A. Considerate and positive. C. Considerate but stubborn.
B. Optimistic but mean. D. Optimistic and dependent.
69. What sentences can be appropriate for ① and ②? A. “See you, Mom.”; “Have a good day.” C. “I love you.”; “I love you, too.” D. “I’ll miss you.”; “I’ll miss you, too.” 70. What is the best title for the passage? A. NORMAL
B. “Take care, Mom.”; “ You too, my angel.”
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Sorry seems to be the hardest word. So sang Elton John on one of his biggest 1970s hits — but not every public figure seems to find it so tough to let out that powerful five-letter word.
In recent months varieties of public figures, from politicians, to Hollywood actors and YouTube stars have all publicly expressed regrets.
But with floods of regrets on the airwaves, just how can we tell a forced apology from a heartfelt expression? In its purest form, saying sorry should be an “act of regrets, a realization that something you have said or done has hurt someone and you want to repair it”, says psychologist Geraldine Joaquim.
Made early, a sincere apology can be hugely beneficial and can “relieve the tension and takes the wind out of an accuser’s sails”, she says.
A need to say sorry can arise in someone’s public life and equally at home with their family and friends but, whatever the environment, how well it is received depends on how personalized it feels.
From businesses, governments and organizations, a scripted response will fail to resonate (引起共鳴) as it will not convey empathy (同理心) and sympathy.
Whether online or in person, the timing and choice of language in an apology are decisive factors.
“It is important to show that you understand and sympathize,” says Martin Stone, of PR agency Tank, “It is vital that any business or individual making an apology understands the focus — is it sorry for the way it’s acted or is it sorry that the complainant feels the way they do?”
Performed apologies always have a sense of being “acted out”, and are often accompanied by too many theatrical gestures. If sincere, the person making the apology will be looking for listening clues to see if they are being understood, such as eye contact and facial expressions. They will provide “humbling (謙卑的) signals”, such as a lowered head, to indicate regrets.
It is also important to avoid irresponsible statements or promises that can’t be kept. “Don’t say that you’ll ensure that this will not happen again if you’re not confident it won’t. It could come back to bite you,” Stone explains.
Equally, the use of “but” can hugely change the tone of an apology.
As Stone points out. “I’m sorry but.... It sounds like you are making excuses and aren’t actually taking any form of responsibility. It may be three letters but it can instantly make an apology seem hollow.” Passage outline Does sorry seem to be the most difficult word? Detailed information For some, it seems to be a (71) ▲ nut to crack while for others, it is just a piece of cake. ? There being a storm of regrets on the airwaves, it is hard to make a (72)
▲ between a sincere apology or a forced one. ? In its purest form, apology means offering regrets, which can be hugely Is it a heartfelt apology? beneficial if (73) ▲ early. ? A scripted apology from business, governments and organizations doesn’t resonate, thus being (74) ▲ to convey empathy and sympathy. ? Whatever the environment is, the (75) ▲ to which an apology is received depends on how personalized it feels. ? (76) ▲ you say sorry is one decisive factor. The earlier you say sorry, the sooner the complainant will feel it. ? The choice of your (77) ▲ language is the other decisive factor. How can we make a heartfelt apology? You’re not (78) ▲ out the apology. You should provide humbling signals to indicate regrets. ? Be (79) ▲ for the statements or promises you make. Don’t say anything that can’t be kept. ? Never find (80) ▲ for your wrong behaviors with “but”.